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    Title: A native fungal symbiont facilitates the prevalence and development of an invasive pathogen-native vector symbiosis
    Author: Lilin Zhao, Min Lu, Hongtao Niu, Guofei Fang, Shuai Zhang, Jianghua Sun*

    Invasive pathogen - insect symbioses have been extensively studied in many different ecological niches. Whether the damage of symbioses in different introduced regions might be influenced by other microorganisms has, however, received little attention. Eight years of field data showed that the varied levels of the nematode and beetle populations and infested trees of the invasive Bursaphelenchus xylophilus-Monochamus alternatus symbiosis were correlated with patterns in the isolation frequencies of ophiostomatoid fungi at six sites, while the laboratory experiments showed that the nematode produced greater numbers of offspring with a female biased sex ratio and developed faster in the presence of one native symbiotic ophiostomatoid fungus Sporothrix sp.1. Diacetone alcohol (DAA) from xylem inoculated with Sporothrix sp.1 induced B. xylophilus to produce greater numbers of offspring. Its presence also significantly increased the growth and survival rate of M. alternatus, and possibly explains the prevalence of the nematode-vector symbiosis when Sporothrix sp.1 was dominant in the fungal communities. Studying the means by which multispecies interactions underlying biogeographical dynamics allowed us to better understanding the varied levels of damage caused by biological invasion across the invaded range. 


    Corresponding author: Jianghua Sun
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    PubYear: 2013
    Issue: DOI:10.1890/12-2229.1
    Journal: Ecology
    The full text link:
    URL: http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/12-2229.1