Location: Home > Scientists
  Principal Investigators
BAI Ming
+86-10-64807928  /  +86-10-64807099
Box 92, Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution,Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1, Beichen West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101 , P. R. CHINA
Group of Morphology and Evolution of Beetles      

Education & Research
11/2019 - now, Principal Investigator of the Group of Morphology and Evolution of Beetles, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
02/2019 – now, Full Professor, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
05/2013 – 01/2015, Jena University, Germany, Humboldt Fellowship
01/2011 – 01/2019, Associate Professor, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
07/2008 – 12/2010, Assistant Professor, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
12/2006 - 12/2007,  The Natural History Museum, London, UK; visiting doctoral student
09/2004 - Present,  Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 
09/1997 - 09/2004,  Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei Province

Research Interests:
Dr. Bai has been engaged in the systematics and evolution of insects, e.g. scarabs and ice crawlers. On the basis of inheriting the traditional taxonomy, he has opened up a new research direction of the new taxonomy driven by new technologies such as quantification, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence. The main academic achievements are as follows. (1) He systematically revised the Chinese Scarabaeoidea and Grylloblattodea, built a database on Chinese insect type specimens, and published a new insect order, 4 new families, and more than 200 new genera. (2) In the three key aspects of taxonomic research (character cognition, character comparison, character evolution), new technology innovation-driven research has been carried out, including the development of new instruments and new software in digital and three-dimensional technologies, the integration of quantitative geometric morphometrics and erection on the new research paradigm. The establishment of a new insect order, Alienoptera, and the systematic status of some important extinction groups were revealed. The origin of dung feeding behavior was investigated. An Intelligent Identification System of World Beetles (BICS, http://beetle.ioz.ac.cn/) was created.

Scan the QR code to access the Intelligent Identification System of World Beetles (BICS, http://beetle.ioz.ac.cn/)

Awards and Honors:

1997 - 1998  Academic Excellence Scholarship of Hebei University
1999 - 2000  Academic Excellence Scholarship of Hebei University
1997 - 2003  Excellence Student Cadre of Hebei University
2001 - 2004  Academic Excellence Scholarship of Hebei University
2006 - 2007  Scholarships for Excellence of the UK government's Department for Education and Skills and the Chinese Ministry of Education 
2007 Academic Excellence Scholarship of Chinese Academy of Sciences
2012 German Humboldt Foundation Fellowship
2016 First prize of the Chou Io Entomological Classification Award Foundation
2019 Youth International Cooperation Award of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Professional Activities:

Research Grants:

Selected Publications:

 [#contributed equally; *corresponding author]

  1. Jenkins Shaw, J., Wang, B., Bai M.*, Zyla, D., 2020. The Oldest representative of the rove beetle tribe Pinophilini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Paederinae) from Upper Cretaceous Burmese Amber. Insects, 11(3): 174.
  2. Kral D., Jákl S., Lu Y.Y., Bai M.*. 2020. The genus Ceratophyus Fischer von Waldheim, 1824 (Coleoptera: Geotrupidae) in China, along with description of a new species. Zootaxa, 4747(2): 339–349.
  3. Lu Y.Y., Zorn C., Kral D., Bai M.*, 2019. Description of Callistethus hamus sp. nov. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Rutelinae) from continental Southeast Asia using synchrotron to illustrate the aedeagus. Zookeys, 881: 1-11.
  4. Zhang M.N., Ruan Y.Y., Wan X., Tong Y.J., Yang X.K.*, Bai M.*, 2019. Geometric morphometric analysis of the pronotum and elytron in stag beetles: insight into its diversity and evolution, Zookeys, 883: 21-40.
  5. Ricchiardi E., Bai M., Li S., 2019. Description of three new species of Paratrichius Janson, 1881 from China and revision of the distribution range of Paratrichius rubrodecoratus (Tesar, 1952) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae: Trichiini). Zootaxa, 4700(3): 345–355.
  6. Nie R.E., Andujar C., Gomez-Rodriguez C., Bai M., Xue H.J., Tang M., Yang C.T., Tang P., Yang X.K., Vogler A.P., 2020. The phylogeny of leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) inferred from mitochondrial genomes, Systematic Entomology, 45: 188-204.
  7. Xing L.D., Wang D.H.*, Li G., McKellar R.C., Bai M., Chen H.R., Evans S.E.*. 2020. Possible egg masses from amphibians, gastropods, and insects in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, Historical Biology, https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2019.1677642.
  8. Xing L.D, McKellar R.C.*, O’Connor J.K.*, Bai M., Tseng K.W., Chiappe L.M. 2019. A fully feathered enantiornithine foot and wing fragment preserved in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Scientific Reports, 9: 927.
  9. Xing L.D.*, O’Connor J.K.*, Chiappe L.M., McKellar R.C., Carroll N., Hu H., Bai M., Lei F.M. 2019. A new Enantiornithine bird with unusual pedal proportions found in amber. Current Biology 29, 2396–2401.
  10. Wu L., Nie R.E., Bai M.*, Yang Y.X.* 2019. The complete mitochondrial genome of Idgia oculata (Coleoptera: Cleroidea: Prionoceridae) and a related phylogenetic analysis of Cleroidea. Mitochondrial DNA part B. 4(2): 491–493.
  11. Qian J., Dang S.P., Wang Z.J., Zhou X., Dan D., Yao B.L.*, Tong Y.J., Yang H.D., Lu Y.Y., Chen Y.D., Yang X.K., Bai M.*, Lei M.*. 2019. Large-scale 3D imaging of insects with natural color, Optics Express 27, 4845-4857
  12. Li S.#, Lu Y.Y.#, Wang B., Li J.*, Yang X.K., Bai M.*, 2019. Electrorubesopsinae, a new subfamily from the Cretaceous Burmese amber, as the possible sister group of Dynamopodinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 17 (4): 347–355.
  13. Batelka, J. , Prokop, J. , Pohl, H. , Bai, M. , Zhang, W. and Beutel, R. G. (2019), Highly specialized Cretaceous beetle parasitoids (Ripiphoridae) identified with optimized visualization of microstructures. Systematic Entomology, 44(2): 396-4074
  14. Bai M., Beutel R.G., Zhang W.W., Wang S., Hornig M., Grohn C., Yan E., Yang X.K.* & Wipfler B.* 2018. A new Cretaceous insect with a unique cephalo-thoracic scissor device. Current Biology, 28: 438–443.
  15. Sullivan C.D., Slade E.M., Bai M., Shi K.*, Riordan P. 2018. Evidence of forest restoration success and the conservation value of community-owned forests in Southwest China using dung beetles as indicators. PLoS ONE, 13(11): e0204764.
  16. Lu Y.Y.#, Nie R.E.#, Shih C.K., Ren D.*, Yang X.K., Bai M.* 2018. New Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation, western Liaoning Province, China: Elucidating the systematics of Mesozoic Hybosoridae. Cretaceous Research, 86: 53-59.
  17. Xing L.D.#, Caldwell M.W.*#, Chen R., Nydam R.L., Palci A.#, Simoes T.R.#, McKellar R.C.#, Lee M.S.Y., Liu Y., Shi H.L., Wang K., Bai M.#, 2018. A mid-Cretaceous embryonic-to-neonate snake in amber from Myanmar. Science Advances, 4, eaat5042.
  18. Tomaszewska W., Slipiński A., Bai M., Zhang W.W., Ren D. 2018. The oldest representatives of Endomychidae (Coleoptera: Coccinelloidea) from the Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 91: 287-298
  19. Xing L.D., Stanley E.L., Bai M., Blackburn D.C. 2018. The earliest direct evidence of frogs in wet tropical forests from Cretaceous Burmese amber. Scientific Report 8:8770.
  20. Xing, L.D*., Sames, B*., Xi, D.P. McKellar, R.C., Bai, M., Wan, X.Q. 2018. A gigantic marine ostracod (Crustacea: Myodocopa) trapped in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Scientific Reports 8: 1365. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-19877-y
  21. Xing, L.D.#, O'Connor, J.K.#, McKellar, R.C.*#, Chiappe, L.M., Bai, M.#, Tseng, K.W., Zhang,J., Yang, H.D., Fang, J., Li, G.*# 2018. A flattened enantiornithine in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber: morphology and preservation. Science Bulletin. 63: 235–243.
  22. Xing, L.D., O'Connor, J.K*., McKellar, R.C., Chiappe, L.M., Tseng, K.W., Li, G., Bai, M*. 2017. A mid-Cretaceous enantiornithine (Aves) hatchling preserved in Burmese amber with unusual plumage. Gondwana Research 49: 264–277.
  23. Bai M., Beutel R.G.*, Klass K.D., Zhang W.W., Yang X.K. & Wipfler B. 2016. Alienoptera – a new insect order in the roach - mantodean twilight zone. Gondwana Research, 39: 317-326.
  24. Oliveira I.S.#*, Bai M.#*, Jahn H., Gross V., Martin C., Hammel J.U., Zhang W.W., Mayer G. 2016. Earliest Onychophoran in amber reveals Gondwanan migration patterns, Current Biology, 26: 2594-2601.
  25. Xing L.D.#, McKellar R.C.#, Wang M.#, Bai M.#, Benton M. J., Zhang J.P., Wang Y., Tseng K., Lockley M. G., Li G., Ran H., Zhang W.W., Xu X. 2016. Mummified precocial bird wings in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Nature Communications, 7: 12089
  26. Xing L.D.#, McKellar R.C.#, Xu X.#, Li G.#, Bai M.#, Persons IV W.S., Miyashita T., Benton M.J., Zhang J.P., Wolfe A.P., Yi Q.R., Tseng K., Ran H., Currie P.J. 2016. A feathered dinosaur tail trapped in mid-Cretaceous amber, Current Biology, 26(24): 3352–3360
  27. Jaloszynski P., Brunke A.J., Metscher B., Zhang W.W., Bai M.* 2017. Clidicostigus gen. nov., the first Mesozoic genus of Mastigini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scydmaeninae) from Cenomanian Burmese amber, Cretaceous Research, 72: 110-116.
  28. Lin M.Y., Bai M.* 2017. Qitianniu zhihaoi gen. sp. nov.: The first cerambycid beetle found in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Chrysomeloidea), Cretaceous Research, 75: 173-178.
  29. Nie R.E., Breeschoten T., Timmermans M.J.T.N., Nadein K., Xue H.J., Bai M., Huang Y., Yang X.K.*, Vogler A.P.* 2018. The phylogeny of Galerucinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and the performance of mitochondrial genomes in phylogenetic inference compared to nuclear rRNA genes, Cladistics, 34: 113-130.
  30. Bai M., Nie R.E., Zhang W.W., Ren D., Shih C.K., Yang X.K. 2017. The first fossil Athyreini beetle (Coleoptera: Geotrupidae). Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 17: 157-162.
  31. Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Yang X.K., Bai M., Ahrens D. 2017. New species of Nipponoserica and Paraserica from China (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys 721: 65–91.
  32. Ruan Y.Y., Dan D., Zhang M.N., Bai M.*, Lei M., Yao B.L., Yang X.K.* 2016. Visualization of the 3D structures of small organisms via LED-SIM. Frontiers in Zoology, 13: 1-10.
  33. Boucher S., Bai M.*, Wang B., Zhang W.W., Yang X.K. 2016. Passalopalpidae, a new family from the Cretaceous Burmese amber, as the possible sister group of Passalidae Leach (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Cretaceous Research, 64: 67-78.
  34. Král D., Hruzová L., Lu Y.Y. & Bai M. 2017. First records of Glaresidae (Coleoptera) in China, with the description of a new species from Inner Mongolia and Shaanxi. Zootaxa 4306 (1): 145–150.
  35. Ren J., Bai M., Yang X.K., Zhang R.Z., Ge S.Q. 2017. Geometric morphometrics analysis of the hind wing of leaf beetles: proximal and distal parts are separate modules. ZooKeys 685: 131–149.
  36. Zhao H.Y., Bai M.*, Shih C.K., Ren D.* 2016. Two new glaphyrids (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea) from the Jehol Biota, China. Cretaceous Research, 59: 1-9.
  37. Bai M., Zhang W.W., Ren D., Shih C.K., Yang X.K. 2016. Hybosorus ocampoi: the first hybosorid from the Cretaceous Myanmar amber (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 16: 233-240.
  38. Beutel R.G., Zhang W.W., Pohl H., Wappler T., Bai M. 2016. A miniaturized beetle larva in Cretaceous Burmese amber: reinterpretation of a fossil “strepsipteran triungulin”. Insect Systematics & Evolution, 47: 83-91.
  39. Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang XK., Ahrens D. 2016. A taxonomic revision of Neoserica (sensu lato): the species groups N. lubricaN. obscura, and N. silvestris (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys, 635: 123-160.
  40. Li L.M., Qi Y., Yang Y.X., Bai M. 2016. A new species of Falsopodabrus Pic characterized with geometric morphometrics (Coleoptera, Cantharidae). ZooKeys, 614: 97-112.
  41. Li S., Ricchiardi E., Bai M.*, Yang X.K.* 2016. A taxonomy review of Oreoderus Burmeister, 1842 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Valgini) from China with a geometric morphometric evaluation. ZooKeys. 552: 67–89.
  42. Nie R.E., Lin M.Y., Xue H.J., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2017. Complete mitochondrial genome of Spiniphilus spinicornis (Coleoptera: Vesperidae: Philinae) and phylogenetic analysis among Cerambycoidea, Mitochondrial DNA, 28: 145-146
  43. Liu W.G., Eberle J., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2015. A phylogeny of Sericini with particular reference to Chinese species using mitochondrial and ribosomal DNA (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 15, 343-350.
  44. Liu W.G., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2015. New species and records of the Neoserica (sensu stricto) group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Sericini). Journal of Natural History, 49(39-40), 2379-2395.
  45. Bai M., Li S., Lu Y.Y., Yang H.D., Tong Y.J., Yang X.K. 2015. Mandible evolution in the Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and adaptations to coprophagous habits. Frontiers in Zoology, 12(1), 30.
  46. Wipfler B., Klug R., Ge S.Q., Bai M., Gobbels J., Yang X.K., Hornschemeyer T. 2015. The thorax of Mantophasmatodea, the morphology of flightlessness and the evolution of the neopteran insects. Cladistics, 33(1), 50-70.
  47. Ahrens D., Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2015. A revision of the species of the Neoserica (sensu lato) vulpes group (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Sericini). Journal of Natural History, 49(17-18), 1073-1130.
  48. Bai M., Beutel R.G., Liu W.G., Li S., Zhang M.N., Lu Y.Y., Song K.Q., Ren D., Yang X.K. 2014. Description of a new species of Glaresidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the Jehol Biota of China with a geometric morphometric evaluation. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, 72 (3): 223 – 236.
  49. Song K.Q., Xue H.J., Beutel R.G., Bai M., Bian D.J., Liu J., Ruan Y.Y., Li W.Z., Jia F.L., Yang X.K. 2014. Habitat-dependent diversification and parallel molecular evolution: water scavenger beetles as a case study. Current Zoology, 60 (5): 561–570.
  50. Liu W.G., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2014. An update to the taxonomy of the genus Gastroserica Brenske (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). Zookeys, 426: 87–110.
  51. Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Neoserica (sensu lato) pilosula group (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys, 440: 89–113.
  52. Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Neoserica (sensu lato) calva group (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys, 448: 47-81.
  53. Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K., Ahrens D. 2014. A taxonomic review on the species of Tetraserica Ahrens, 2004, of China (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys, 448: 83-121.
  54. Ahrens D., Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2014. A taxonomic review of the Neoserica (sensu lato) septemlamellata group (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). Zookeys, 402: 66–101.
  55. Ahrens D., Liu W.G., Fabrizi S., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2014. A taxonomic review of the Neoserica (sensu lato) abnormis group (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini). ZooKeys, 439: 27–82.
  56. Friedrich F., Matsumura Y., Pohl H., Bai M., Hornschemeyer T., Beutel R.G. 2013. Insect morphology in the age of phylogenomics: innovative techniques and its future role in systematics. Entomological Science, 17: 1-24.
  57. Bai M., Beutel R.G., Shih C.K., Ren D., Yang X.K. 2013. Septiventeridae, a new and ancestral fossil family of Scarabaeoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation, China. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 11(3): 359–374.
  58. Xu H.X., Kubáň V., Volkovitsh M.G., Ge S.Q., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2013. Morphological variability and taxonomy of Coraebus hastanus Gory & Laporte de Castelnau, 1839 (Coleoptera: Buprestidae: Agrilinae: Coraebini: Coraebina). Zootaxa, 3682 (1): 178-190.
  59. Yan Z., Bai M., Ren D. 2013. A new genus and species of fossil Hybosoridae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning, China. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, 37(2): 139-145.
  60. Yan Z., Bai M., Ren D. 2012. A new fossil Hybosoridae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the Yixian Formation of China. Zootaxa 3478, 201-204.
  61. Bai M., Beutel R.G., Song K.Q., Liu W.G., Malqin H., Li S., Hu X.Y., Yang X.K. 2012. Evolutionary patterns of hind wing morphology in dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae). Arthropod Structure & Development,41, 505-513.
  62. Bai M., Ren D., Yang X.K. 2012. Prosinodendron krelli from the Yixian Formation, China: a missing link among Lucanidae, Diphyllostomatidae and Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Cretaceous Research, 34, 334-339.
  63. Bai M., Ahrens D., Yang X.K., Ren D. 2012. New fossil evidence of the early diversification of scarabs: Alloioscarabaeus cheni (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. Insect Science 19, 159-171.
  64. Chesters D., Wang Y., Yu F., Bai M., Zhang T.X, et al. 2012. The integrative taxonomic approach reveals host specific species in an encyrtid parasitoid species complex. PLoS ONE 7, e37655.
  65. Bai M., McCullough E., Song K.Q., Liu W.G., Yang X.K. 2011. Evolutionary constraints in Hind wing shape in Chinese dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeinae). PLoS ONE 6, e21600.
  66. Bai M., Ren D., Yang X.K. 2011. Prophaenognatha, a new aclopines genus from the Yixian Formation, China and its phylogenetic position based on morphological characters (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 85, 801-810.
  67. Liu W.G., Ahrens D., Bai M., Yang X.K. 2011. A key to species of the genus Gastroserica Brenske of the China (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Sericini), with the description of two new species and two new records for China. ZooKeys 139, 23-44.
  68. Bai M., Jarvis K., Wang S.Y., Song K.Q., Wang Y.P., Wang Z.L., Li W.Z., Wang W., Yang X.K. 2010. A second new species of ice crawlers from China (Insecta: Grylloblattodea), with thorax evolution and the prediction of potential distribution. PLoS ONE 5, e12850
  69. Bai M., Krell F., Ren D., Yang X.K. 2010. A new, well-preserved species of Glaresidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the Jehol Biota of China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 84, 676-679.
  70. Bai M., Zhang Y.W., Yang X.K. 2007. A key to Species of the genus Caccobius Thomson (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) from China, with description of a new species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 109, 131-135.
  71. Bai M., Yang X.K., Zhang Y.W. 2006. A key to species of the genus Onitis Fabricius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) from China, with the description of a new species and a new record for China. Proceedings of Entomological Society of Washington 108, 388-394.