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论文题目: The Value of Ecosystem Services from Giant Panda Reserves
论文题目英文:
作者: 魏辅文*,#Robert Costanza,#Qiang Dai,#Natalie Stoeckl,#古晓东,#Stephen Farber,聂永刚,#Ida Kubiszewski,胡义波,#Ronald Swaisgood,#Xu-Yu Yang,#Michael Bruford,#You-Ping Chen,#Alexey Voinov,#齐敦武,#Megan Owen,艳丽,#Daniel C. Kenny,#张泽军,#Rong Hou,#Shi-Wei Jiang,#Hong-Bo Liu,詹祥江,#Li Zhang,#Biao Yang,#Lian-Jun Zhao,郑筱光,Wen-Liang Zhou,#Ya-Li Wen,#He-Ran Gao,#Wen Zhang
论文出处:
年: 2018
卷:
期: DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.046
页:
联系作者: 魏辅文
发表期刊: Current Biology
ISSN:
第一作者所在部门:
收录类别:
论文链接: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982218306821
影响因子:
摘要: Ecosystem services (the benefits to humans from ecosystems) are estimated globally at $125 trillion/year [12]. Similar assessments at national and regional scales show how these services support our lives [3]. All valuations recognize the role of biodiversity, which continues to decrease around the world in maintaining these services [45]. The giant panda epitomizes the flagship species [6]. Its unrivalled public appeal translates into support for conservation funding and policy, including a tax on foreign visitors to support its conservation [7]. The Chinese government has established a panda reserve system, which today numbers 67 reserves [89]. The biodiversity of these reserves is among the highest in the temperate world [10], covering many of China’s endemic species [11]. The panda is thus also an umbrella species [12]—protecting panda habitat also protects other species. Despite the benefits derived from pandas, some journalists have suggested that it would be best to let the panda go extinct. With the recent downlisting of the panda from Endangered to Vulnerable, it is clear that society’s investment has started to pay off in terms of panda population recovery [1314]. Here, we estimate the value of ecosystem services of the panda and its reserves at between US$2.6 and US$6.9 billion/year in 2010. Protecting the panda as an umbrella species and the habitat that supports it yields roughly 10–27 times the cost of maintaining the current reserves, potentially further motivating expansion of the reserves and other investments in natural capital in China.
英文摘要:
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