|论文题目：||Cold-Induced Protein RBM3 Orchestrates Neurogenesis via Modulating Yap mRNA Stability in Cold Stress|
|发表期刊：||Journal of Cell Biology|
In mammals, a constant body temperature is an important basis for maintaining life activities. Here, we show that when pregnant mice are subjected to cold stress, the expression of RBM3, a cold-induced protein, is increased in the embryonic brain. When RBM3 is knocked down or knocked out in cold stress, embryonic brain development is more seriously affected, exhibiting abnormal neuronal differentiation. By detecting the change in mRNA expression during maternal cold stress, we demonstrate that Yap and its downstream molecules are altered at the RNA level. By analyzing RNA-binding motif of RBM3, we find that there are seven binding sites in 3′UTR region of Yap1 mRNA. Mechanistically, RBM3 binds to Yap1-3′UTR, regulates its stability, and affects the expression of YAP1. RBM3 and YAP1 overexpression can partially rescue the brain development defect caused by RBM3 knockout in cold stress. Collectively, our data demonstrate that cold temperature affects brain development, and RBM3 acts as a key protective regulator in cold stress.