姓  名: 康 乐
学  科: 生态基因组学
电话/传真: +86-10-64807219 / +86-10-64807099
电子邮件: lkang@ioz.ac.cn
通讯地址: 北京市朝阳区北辰西路1号院5号
中国科学院动物研究所 农业虫害鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室113信箱 100101
更多信息: 生态基因组学及适应性研究组     

简历介绍:

  康 乐,中国科学院院士,欧洲科学院院士,发展中国家科学院院士,国际欧亚科学院院士,中科院动物所杰出研究员,我国著名生态学家和昆虫学家。现任河北大学校长、中科院北京生命科学院院长、中国科学院大学生命科学院院长,中国科学院大学学位委员会副主任。长期从事生态基因组学研究,是国际上生态基因组学研究的领衔科学家、国家“973”项目首席科学家和基金委创新团队学术带头人,也是国际上几个重要学术期刊的主编和编委。他将基因组学与生态学结合,系统研究动物的适应性和表观可塑性。在相关领域发表SCI论文200余篇重要论文发表在包括Nature, Science, Science Advances, Nature Communication, PNAS等重要刊物上,总引用6000余次,是Elsevier选出的农业和生物学高被引科学家(Scopus 2014-2019)。是F1000的Faculty member和Advisory board member。2008年被国际昆虫学会选举为执行理事,2009年获美国内布拉斯加大学荣誉科学博士,2011年获何梁何利生命科学与技术进步奖,2013年获美国昆虫学会颁发的杰出科学家奖,2015年获选美国昆虫学会会士和第八届“谈家桢生命科学奖”成就奖,2017年获国家自然科学二等奖和中国科学院杰出成就奖,2019年当选国际生物科学联合会(IUBS)副主席,同年获得“马世骏生态科学成就奖”。他已经培养了70多名博士和硕士研究生,10多名博士后,他们中许多人已经成为国家重要的学术带头人,如特殊人才计划入选者、研究员、教授、国家青年科技奖和国家优秀青年基金项目获得者等。

研究领域:

  1. 生态基因组学 
在基因组、转录组以及表观遗传水平系统研究昆虫对环境的适应性。 
  2. 表型可塑性研究
研究蝗虫多型、生态免疫、繁殖、衰老和行为的可塑性,为建立相关疾病模型奠定基础。 
  3. 神经生物学及行为
研究神经系统和行为对种内和种间信息化合物的识别、响应机制。

社会任职:

获奖及荣誉:

承担科研项目情况:

代表论著:

  1. Guo, X.J. , Yu, Q.Q. , Chen, D.F. , Wei, J.N. , Yang, P.C., Yu, J., Wang*, X.H., Kang*, L. 2020. 4-Vinylanisole is an aggregation phenomone in locusts. Nature, 584:584-588.
  2. Wei, J.N., Shao, W.B., Cao, M.M., Ge, J., Yang, P.C., Chen, L., Wang, X.H., Kang*, L. 2019. Phenylacetonitrile in locusts facilitates an antipredator defense by acting as an olfactory aposematic signal and cyanide precursor. Science Advances, DOI 10.1126/sciadv.aav5495.
  3. Yang, M.L., Wang, Y.L., Liu, Q., Liu, Z.K., Jiang, F., Wang, H.M., Guo, X.J., Zhang*, J.Z., and Kang*, L. 2019. A β-carotene-binding protein carrying a red pigment regulates body-color transition between green and black in locusts. eLife, 7:e41362.
  4. Guo, X.J., Ma, Z.Y., Du, B.Z., Li, T., Li, W.D., Xu, L.L., He, J., and Kang*, L. 2018. Dop1 enhances conspecific olfactory attraction by inhibiting miR-9a maturation in locusts. Nature Communications, 9(1): 1193.
  5. Ding, D., Liu, G.J., Hou, L., Gui, W.Y., Chen*, B., and Kang*, L. 2018. Genetic variation in PTPN1 contributes to metabolic adaptation to high-altitude hypoxia in Tibetan migratory locusts. Nature Communications. 9(1):p.4991.
  6. Hou L., Yang P.C., Jiang F., Liu Q. Wang X.H., Kang L. 2017. The neuropeptide F/nitric oxide pathway is essential for shaping locomotor plasticity underlying locust phase transition. eLife, DOI:10.7554/eLife.22526
  7. Chen B., Zhang B., Xu L.L., Li Q., Jiang F., Yang P.C., Xu Y.N., Kang L., 2017. Transposable Element-Mediated Balancing Selection at Hsp90 Underlies Embryo Developmental Variation. Molecular Biology and Evolution. doi:10.1093/molbev/msx062
  8. Jiang F. , Liu Q. , Wang Y.L., Zhang J., Wang H.M., Song T.Q., Yang M.L., Wang X.H., Kang L. 2017. Comparative genomic analysis of SET-domain family reveals the origin, expansion, and putative function of the arthropod-specific SmydA genes as histone modifiers in insects. GigaScience, DOI: 10.1093/gigascience/gix031
  9. He, J. , Chen, Q.Q. , Wei, Y.Y. , Jiang, F., Yang, M.L., Hao, S.G., Guo, X.J., Chen, D.F., Kang, L. 2016. MicroRNA-276 promotes egg hat ching synchrony by upregulating brm in locusts. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 113:584-589.
  10. Yang M.L. , Wang Y.L. , Jiang F., Song T.Q., Wang H.M., Liu Q, Zhang J., Zhang J.Z.., Kang L., 2016. miR-71 and miR-263 Jointly Regulate Target Genes Chitin synthase and Chitinase to Control Locust Molting. PLoS Genetics 12:e1006257.
  11. Wang,X.H., Kang,L. 2014.Molecular mechanisms of phase change in locusts. Annual Review of Entomology, 59:225-43.
  12. Wang, X.H. , Fang, X.D. , Yang, P.C. , Jiang, X.T. , Jiang, F. , Zhao, D.J., Li B., Cui, F., Wei, J.N., Ma, C., Wang, Y.D., He, J., Luo Y., Wang, Z.F., Guo, X.J., Guo W., Wang X., Zhang Y., Yang M.L., Hao S.G., Chen B., Ma Z.Y., Yu D., Xiong Z., Zhu Y., Fan D., Han L., Wang B., Chen Y., Wang J., Yang L., Zhao W., Feng Y., Chen G., Lian J., Li Q., Huang Z., Yao X., Lv N., Zhang G., Li Y., Wang J., Wang, J., Zhu B. Kang, L., 2014. Locust genome sequence provides insight into swarm formation and long-distance flight. Nature Communications, 10.1038/ncomms3957.
  13. Yang, M.L., Wei, Y.Y., Jiang, F., Wang, Y.L., Guo, X.J., He, J., Kang, L. 2014. MicroRNA-133 Inhibits Behavioral Aggregation by Controlling Dopamine Synthesis in Locusts. PLoS Genetics,10(2): e1004206. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004206
  14. Wang, Y.D., Yang, P.C., Cui, F., Kang, L. 2013. Altered Immunity in Crowded Locust Reduced Fungal (Metarhizium anisopliae) Pathogenesis. PLoS Pathogens, DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003102.
  15. Wei, J.N, Yang, L.H, Ren, Q, Li, CY, Ge, F., Kang, L.2013. Antagonism between plant odors and trichomes affects tritrophic interactions. Plant Cell & Environment, 36, 315-327.
  16. Cease, AJ, Elser, JJ, Ford, CF, Hao, S., Kang, L, Harrison*, JF. 2012. Heavy livestock grazing promotes locust outbreaks by lowering plant nitrogen content. Science, 335, 467-469.
  17. Wu, R., Wu, Z.M., Wang, X.H., Yang, P.C., Yu, D., Zhao, C.X., Xu, G.W., and Kang, L. 2012. Metabolomic analysis reveals that carnitines are key regulatory metabolites in phase transition of the locusts. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (USA), 109, 3259-3263.
  18. Ma, ZY, Guo, XJ, Guo, W, Wang, XH, Kang, L. 2011. Modulation of behavioral phase changes of the migratory locust by the catecholamine metabolic pathway. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (USA), 108: 3882-3887.
  19. Guo, W, Wang, XH, Ma, Z.Y., Xue, L., Han, J.Y., Yu, D., and Kang, L. 2011. CSP and takeout genes modulate the switch between attraction and repulsion during behavioral phase change in the migratory locust. PLoS Genetics, 7(2): e1001291, 1-13.
  20. Wei, J.N., Wang, L.Z., Zhao, J.H., Li, C.Y., Ge, F. and Kang, L., 2011. Ecological trade-offs between jasmonic acid-dependent direct and indirect plant defences in tritrophic interactions. New phytologist, 189: 557–567.
  21. Zhang, Y., Wang, X.H., and Kang, L., 2011. A k-mer scheme to predict piRNAs and characterize locust piRNAs. Bioinformatics, 27(6)771–776.
  22. Kang, L., Chen, B., Wei, J.N. and Liu, T.X., 2009. Roles of Thermal Adaptation and Chemical Ecology in Liriomyza Distribution and Control. Annual Review of Entomology, 54:127-145.
  23. Wei, Y.Y., Chen, S., Yang P.C., Kang, L., 2009. Characterization and transcriptomes of small RNAs in two phases of locust. Genome Biology, 10:R6l (doi:10.1186/gb-2009-10-1-r6).
  24. Kang, L., Han, X.G., Zhang, Z.B. and Sun, O. J., 2007, Grassland ecosystems in China: Review of current knowledge and research advancement. Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc., 362:997-1008.
  25. Kang, L., Chen, X.Y., Zhou, Y., Zheng, W., Li R.Q., Wang, J. and Yu, J. 2004. The analysis of large-scale gene expression correlated to the phase changes of the migratory locust.Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 101: 17611-17615.

Research articles in peer-review journals (since 2000)

 

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