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姓  名:
魏辅文
学  科:
保护生物学
电话/传真:
+86-10-64807152 / 
电子邮件:
weifw@ioz.ac.cn
通讯地址:
北京市朝阳区北辰西路1号院5号
中国科学院动物研究所 中国科学院动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室 100101
更多信息:
动物生态与保护遗传学研究组     
简历:

  魏辅文,男,博士,研究员,中国科学院院士,保护生物学家。1964年4月生于重庆市云阳县。1984年和1987年在南充师范学院(现西华师范大学)分别获得学士和硕士学位,1997年获中国科学院动物研究所博士学位。主要从事大熊猫、小熊猫等濒危动物保护生物学研究。率先将种群基因组学、宏基因组学、比较基因组学等新技术引入到大熊猫研究中,阐明了大熊猫的种群历史、濒危过程及演化潜力;揭示了大熊猫在食性转换和特化历程中如何在形态、行为、生理、遗传和肠道微生物等方面产生适应性演化的规律;阐明了栖息地破碎化导致大熊猫孤立小种群崩溃的机制,推动了国家大熊猫放归和栖息地廊道建设工程的实施。重要代表性研究成果分别发表在Science, Nature, Nature Genetics, PNAS, Current Biology, Molecular Biology and Evolution, Trends in Microbiology, Ecology, Molecular Ecology, Functional Ecology, Conservation Biology, Biological Conservation,Conservation Letters等期刊上,得到Nature、Science等著名杂志和Discovery频道、BBC、路透社等知名媒体广泛报道和评述。

研究领域:

  保护基因组学、保护遗传学、保护生态学、保护行为学。

社会任职:
  中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会副主任、中国动物学会副理事长、兽类学分会理事长、中国生态学会副理事长、国际保护生物学会中国分会主席、世界兽类学家联合会执委;Conservation Biology亚洲区域编辑,Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Integrative Zoology,Current Zoology,兽类学报、动物学研究等刊物编委;IUCN物种生存委员会熊类专家组成员;国家林业局第四次大熊猫调查专家委员会主任委员,国家林业局第二次陆生野生动物调查专家委员会主任委员。
获奖及荣誉:
  • 2001年获国家杰出青年科学基金
  • 2002年享受国务院政府津贴
  • 2004入选人事部新世纪百千万人才工程
  • 2009年被科技部评为野外科技工作先进个人
  • 2012年被中国科协全国优秀科技工作者
承担科研项目情况:

  目前主要承担国家自然基金委重点项目和国家重点研发计划“典型脆弱生态系统修复与保护研究”重点专项“珍稀动物濒危机制及保护技术研究”项目等。

代表论著:
  1. Hu YB, Wu Q, Ma S, Ma TX, Shan L, Wang X, Nie YG, Ning ZM, Yan L, Xiu YF, Wei FW*. 2017. Comparative genomics reveals convergent evolution between the bamboo-eating giant and red pandas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(5):1081–1086.
  2. Nie YG, Speakman JR, Wu Q, Zhang CL, Hu YB, Xia MH, Yan L, Hambly C, Wang L, Wei W, Zhang JG, Wei FW*. 2015. Exceptionally low daily energy expenditure in the bamboo-eating giant panda. Science, 349(6244):171-174.
  3. Wei FW*, Wang X, Wu Q. 2015. The giant panda gut microbiome. 2015. Trends in Microbiology, 23(8):450-452.
  4. Wei FW*, Swaisgood RR, Hu YB, Nie YG, Yan L, Zhang ZJ, Qi DW, Zhu LF. 2015. Progress in the ecology and conservation of giant pandas. Conservation Biology, DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12582.
  5. Wei FW*, Hu YB, Yan L, Nie YG, Wu Q, Zhang ZJ. 2014. Giant pandas are not an evolutionary cul-de-sac: evidence from multidisciplinary research. Molecular Biology and Evolution, doi: 10.1093/molbev/msu278.
  6. Shan L, Hu YB, Zhu LF, Yan L, Wang CD, Li DS, Jin XL, Zhang CL, Wei FW*. 2014. Large-scale genetic survey provides insights into the captive management and reintroduction of giant pandas. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 31:2663-26. 
  7. Nie YG, Zhang ZJ, Raubenheimer D, Elser J, Wei W, Wei FW*. 2014. Obligate herbivory in an ancestrally carnivorous lineage: the giant panda and bamboo from the perspective of nutritional geometry. Functional Ecology, doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12302.
  8. Zhang L, Wu Q, Hu YB, Wu H, Wei FW*. 2014. Major histocompatibility complex alleles associated with parasite susceptibility in wild giant pandas. Heredity, doi:10.1038/hdy.2014.73.
  9. Wu Q, Zheng PP, Hu YB, Wei FW*. 2014. Genome-scale analysis of demographic history and adaptive selection. Protein Cell, 5:99-112.
  10. Zhu LF, Hu YB, Qi DW, Wu H, Zhan XJ, Zhang ZJ, Bruford MW, Wang JL, Yang XY, Gu XD, Zhang L, Zhang BW, Zhang SN, Wei FW*. 2013. Genetic consequences of historical anthropogenic and ecological events on giant pandas. Ecology, 94: 2346-2357.
  11. Zhao SC, Zheng PP, Dong SS, Zhan XJ, Wu Q, Guo XS, Hu YB, He WM, Zhang SN, Fan W, Zhu LF, Li D, Zhang XM, Chen Q, Zhang HM, Zhang ZH, Jin XL, Zhang JG, Yang HM, Wang J, Wang J, Wei FW*. 2013. Whole genome sequencing of giant pandas provides insights into demographic history and local adaptation. Nature Genetics, 45:67-71.
  12. Zhu LF, Wu Q, Dai JY, Zhang SN, Wei FW*. 2011. Evidence of cellulose metabolism by the giant panda gut microbiome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(43): 17714-17719.
  13. Zhan XJ, Li M, Zhang ZJ, Goossens B, Chen YP, Wang HJ, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2006. Molecular censusing doubles giant panda population estimate in a key nature reserve. Current Biology, 16: R451-452.
  14. Zhang BW, Li M, Zhang ZJ, Goossens B, Zhu LF, Zhang SN, Hu JC, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2007. Genetic viability and population history of the giant panda, putting an end to the evolutionary dead end? Molecular Biology and Evolution, 24:1801–1810.
  15. Wei FW*, Hu YB, Zhu LF, Bruford MW, Zhan XJ, Zhang L. 2012. Black and white and read all over: the past, present and future of giant panda genetics. Molecular Ecology, 21:5660-5674.
  16. Zhu LF, Zhang SN, Gu XD, Wei FW*. 2011. Significant genetic boundaries and spatial dynamics of giant pandas occupying fragmented habitat across southwest China. Molecular Ecology, 20:1122–1132.
  17. Hu YB, Guo Y, Qi DW, Zhan XJ, Wu H, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2011. Genetic structuring and recent demographic history of red pandas (Ailurus fulgens) inferred from microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Ecology, 20: 2662–2675.
  18. Zhan XJ, Zhang ZJ, Wu H, Goossens B, Li M, Jiang SW, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2007. Molecular analysis of dispersal in giant pandas. Molecular Ecology, 16:3792-3800.
  19. Zhu LF, Zhan XJ, Wu H, Zhang SN, Meng T, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2010. Drastic reduction of the smallest and most isolated giant panda population: implications for conservation. Conservation Biology, 24: 1299–1306.
  20. Li RQ, Fan W, Tian G, Zhu HM, He L, Cai J,…..., Wei FW,……Wang J, Wang J. 2010. The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome. Nature, 463:311-317.
  21. Nie YG, Swaisgood RR, Zhang ZJ, Hu YB, Ma YS, Wei FW*. 2012. Giant panda scent-marking strategies in the wild: role of season, sex and marking surface. Animal Behaviour, 84:39-44.
  22. Nie YG, Swaisgood R, Zhang ZJ, Liu XB, Wei FW*. 2012. Reproductive competition and fecal testosterone in wild male giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 66:721-730.
  23. Nie YG, Zhang ZJ, R. Swisgood, Wei FW*. 2012. Effects of season and social interaction on fecal testosterone metabolites in wild male giant pandas: implications for energetics and mating strategies. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 58(1):235-241.
  24. Qi DW, Zhang ZJ, Hu YB, Yang XY, Wang HJ, Wei FW*. 2012. Measures of giant panda habitat selection across multiple spatial scales for species conservation. Journal of Wildlife Management, 76:1092-1100.
  25. Qi DW, Hu YB, Gu XD, Yang XY, Yang G, Wei FW*. 2012. Quantifying landscape linkages among giant panda subpopulations in regional scale conservation. Integrative Zoology, 7:165-174.
  26. Zhang L, Yang XY, Wu H, Gu XD, Hu YB, Wei FW*. 2011. The parasites of giant pandas: individual-based measurement in wild animals. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 47:164-71.
  27. Guo Y, Hu YB, Qi DW, Zhan XJ, Bruford MW, Wei FW*. 2011 Genotyping faeces of red pandas (Ailurus fulgens): implications for population estimation. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57:1231–1235.
  28. Zhang ZJ, Swaisgood R, Zhang SN, Nordstrom LA, Wang HJ, Gu XD, Hu JC, Wei FW*. 2011. Old-growth forest is what giant pandas really need. Biology Letters, 7: 403-406.
  29. Qi DW, Zhang SN, Zhang ZJ, YB Hu, Yang XY, Wang HJ, Wei FW*. 2011. Different habitat preferences of male and female giant pandas. Journal of Zoology, London, 285:205-214.
  30. Zhu LF, Zhan XJ, Meng T, Zhang SN, Wei FW*. 2010. Landscape features influence gene flow as measured by cost-distance and genetic analyses: a case study for giant pandas in the Daxiangling and Xiaoxiangling Mountains. BMC Genetics, 11:72.
  31. Hu YB, Qi DW, Wang HJ, Wei FW*. 2010. Genetic evidence of recent population contraction in the southernmost population of giant pandas. Genetica, 138:1297–1306.
  32. Hu YB, Zhan XJ, Qi DW, Wei FW*. 2010. Spatial genetic structure and dispersal of giant pandas on a mountain-range scale. Conservation Genetics, 11:2145-2155.
  33. Swaisgood RR, Wei FW, Wildt DE, Kouba AJ, Zhang ZJ. 2010. Giant panda conservation science: How far we have come. Biology Letters, 6:143-145.
  34. Feng TT, Van Manen FT, Zhao NX, Li M, Wei FW*. 2009. Habitat assessment for giant pandas in the Qinling mountain region of China. Journal of Wildlife Management, 73:852–858.
  35. Zhang ZJ, Zhan XJ, Yan L, Li M, Hu JC, Wei FW*. 2009. What determines selection and abandonment of a foraging patch by wild giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in winter? Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 16:79-84.
  36. Qi DW, Hu YB, Gu XD, Li M, Wei FW. 2009. Ecological niche modeling of the sympatric giant and red pandas on a mountain-range scale. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18:2127–2141.
  37. Zhan XJ, Zheng XD, Bruford BW, Wei FW, Tao Y. 2009. A new method for quantifying genotyping errors for noninvasive genetic studies. Conservation Genetics, 11:1567-1571.
  38. Zhan XJ, Tao Y., Li M, Zhang ZJ, Goossens B, Chen YP, Wang HJ, Bruford MW, Wei FW. 2009. Accurate population size estimates are vital parameters for conserving the giant panda. Ursus, 20:56-62.
  39. Wu H, Zhan XJ, Zhang ZJ, Zhu LF, Yan L, Li M, Wei FW*. 2009. Thirty-three microsatellite loci for noninvasive genetic studies of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Conservation Genetics, 10:649-652.
  40. Zhang ZJ, Swaisgood RR, Wu H, Li M, Yong YG, Hu JC, Wei FW. 2007. Factors predicting den use by maternal giant pandas. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71:2694–2698.
  41. Zhang SN, Pan RL, Li M, Oxnard C, Wei FW*. 2007. Mandible of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) compared with other Chinese carnivores: functional adaptation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92:449-456.
  42. Zhang ZJ, Wei FW, Li M, Hu JC. 2006. Winter microhabitat separation between giant and red pandas in Bashania faberi bamboo forest in Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve. Journal of Wildlife Management, 70:231-235.
  43. Zhang BW, Li M, Ma LC, Wei FW*. 2006. A widely applicable protocol for DNA isolation from fecal samples. Biochemical Genetics, 44:503-511.
写给考生的话:
  以能问于不能,以多问于寡;有若无,实若虚;犯而不校。